November is the eleventh and penultimate month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars, the fourth and last of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fifth and last of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. November was the ninth month of the ancient Roman calendar.
Number of days: 30
Birth flower: Chrysanthemum
Birthstones: Topaz, Citrine
Topaz was once the name for any yellow gem; today, it describes the mineral aluminum fluoro-hydroxy silicate, the hardest of all silicate minerals. Topaz is found in igneous rocks and sometimes hydrothermal veins.
What Color is Topaz?
Topaz is colorless, but impurities turn it almost any hue, with yellow to amber being the traditional tones.
Blue topaz is rare in nature; those available for sale commonly have been treated.
Imperial topaz, a reddish orange gem with pink undertones, is the most valuable form.
Citrine, an alternate November birthstone, is a form of pale yellow to dark amber quartz, with its yellow tones coming from iron.
Natural citrines are rare; most for sale are actually amethyst or smoky quartz that has been heat-treated to produce the yellow hue, turning the gem to citrine.
The gemstone is thought to offer the same benefits as topaz, including the ability to calm, heal, encourage prosperity, and protect against snake venom.
Citrine, often confused with topaz, is sometimes called “Madeira topaz.”